Should politicians bring more pollution to our country? What would happen if finite resources were not used wisely?
ShareCompartir Inan estimatedpeople died of malaria—most were young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Within the last decade, increasing numbers of partners and resources have rapidly increased malaria control efforts.
This scale-up of interventions has saved 3.
CDC brings its technical expertise to support these efforts with its collaborative work in many malaria-endemic countries and regions. In many of the countries affected by malaria, it is a leading cause of illness and death.
In areas with high transmission, the most vulnerable groups are young children, who have not developed immunity to malaria yet, and pregnant women, whose immunity has been decreased by pregnancy.
The costs of malaria — to individuals, families, communities, nations — are enormous. Geography Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical and subtropical areas of the world. This map shows an approximation of the parts of the world where malaria transmission occurs.
Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito Anopheles gambiae complex is responsible for high transmission. The predominant parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum, which is the species that is most likely to cause severe malaria and death.
Local weather conditions often allow transmission to occur year round. Scarce resources and socio-economic instability have hindered efficient malaria control activities. In other areas of the world malaria is a less prominent cause of deaths, but can cause substantial disease and incapacitation, especially in rural areas of some countries in South America and South Asia.
Statistics Malaria is one of the most severe public health problems worldwide. It is a leading cause of death and disease in many developing countries, where young children and pregnant women are the groups most affected. Who Is Most Vulnerable? The most vulnerable are persons with no or little immunity against the disease.
In areas with high transmission such as Africa south of the Saharathe most vulnerable groups are: Young children, who have not yet developed partial immunity to malaria Pregnant womenwhose immunity is decreased by pregnancy, especially during the first and second pregnancies Travelers or migrants coming from areas with little or no malaria transmission, who lack immunity.
In areas with lower transmission such as Latin America and Asiaresidents are less frequently infected. Many persons may reach adult age without having built protective immunity and are thus susceptible to the disease, including severe and fatal illness.
Social and Economic Toll Malaria imposes substantial costs to both individuals and governments. Costs to individuals and their families include purchase of drugs for treating malaria at home; expenses for travel to, and treatment at, dispensaries and clinics; lost days of work; absence from school; expenses for preventive measures; expenses for burial in case of deaths.
Costs to governments include maintenance, supply and staffing of health facilities; purchase of drugs and supplies; public health interventions against malaria, such as insecticide spraying or distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets; lost days of work with resulting loss of income; and lost opportunities for joint economic ventures and tourism.
The cost in lost economic growth is many times more than that. Pregnant woman having a blood smear taken at an antenatal clinic at the Maela Camp in Thailand near the Burmese Border. Pregnant women are at increased risk of malaria.
Get Email Updates To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address:The current paper reviews and compares positive and negative economic impacts of tourism development as tourism has become an important economic sector and a major contributing driver of economy.
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Economic impacts of Tourism Page # 3 Benefit cost analysis and economic impact analysis are frequently confused as both discuss economic "benefits". There are two clear distinctions between the two techniques. Economic geography is the study of the location, distribution and spatial organization of economic activities across the r-bridal.com represents a traditional subfield of the discipline of r-bridal.comr, many economists have also approached the field in ways more typical of the discipline of economics..
Economic geography has taken a variety of approaches to many different subject matters. Tourism industry has contributes to the economic growth of a country through factors like industrialization, education, advance technology, higher number of qualified professionals, opening up of.
Economic center of gravity map. The consulting firm McKinsey made this map based on Angus Maddison's historical data to show the world's "economic center of gravity" over time.