Most viruses that would be useful as bioterror agent quickly cause unique signs and symptoms that would allow isolation of the victims and thus prevent further spread of the disease.
Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Evaluation of this vulnerability has focused on the role public health will have detecting and managing the probable covert biological terrorist incident with the realization that the U.
In partnership with representatives for local and state health departments, other federal agencies, and medical and public health professional associations, CDC has developed a strategic plan to address the deliberate dissemination of biological or chemical agents. The plan contains recommendations to reduce U.
Training and research are integral components for achieving these recommendations. Success of the plan hinges on strengthening the relationships between medical and public health professionals and on building new partner-ships with emergency management, the military, and law enforcement professionals.
INTRODUCTION An act of biological or chemical terrorism might range from dissemination of aerosolized anthrax spores to food product contamination, and predicting when and how such an attack might occur is not possible.
However, the possibility of biological or chemical terrorism should not be ignored, especially in Fight against bioterrorism of events during the past 10 years e. Preparing the nation to address this threat is a formidable challenge, but the consequences of being unprepared could be devastating.
The public health infrastructure must be prepared to prevent illness and injury that would result from biological and chemical terrorism, especially a covert terrorist attack. As with emerging infectious diseases, early detection and control of biological or chemical attacks depends on a strong and flexible public health system at the local, state, and federal levels.
In addition, primary health-care providers throughout the United States must be vigilant because they will probably be the first to observe and report unusual illnesses or injuries. A Strategic Plan CDC, unpublished report,which outlines steps for strengthening public health and health-care capacity to protect the United States against these dangers.
This strategic plan marks the first time that CDC has joined with law enforcement, intelligence, and defense agencies in addition to traditional CDC partners to address a national security threat. In addition, colleagues from local, state, and federal agencies; emergency medical services EMS ; professional societies; universities and medical centers; and private industry provided suggestions and constructive criticism.
Combating biological and chemical terrorism will require capitalizing on advances in technology, information systems, and medical sciences.
Preparedness will also require a re-examination of core public health activities e. Preparedness efforts by public health agencies and primary health-care providers to detect and respond to biological and chemical terrorism will have the added benefit of strengthening the U.
Recipes for preparing "homemade" agents are readily available 5and reports of arsenals of military bioweapons 2 raise the possibility that terrorists might have access to highly dangerous agents, which have been engineered for mass dissemination as small-particle aerosols.
Such agents as the variola virus, the causative agent of smallpox, are highly contagious and often fatal. Responding to large-scale outbreaks caused by these agents will require the rapid mobilization of public health workers, emergency responders, and private health-care providers.
Large-scale outbreaks will also require rapid procurement and distribution of large quantities of drugs and vaccines, which must be available quickly.
Chemical terrorism acts are likely to be overt because the effects of chemical agents absorbed through inhalation or by absorption through the skin or mucous membranes are usually immediate and obvious.
Such attacks elicit immediate response from police, fire, and EMS personnel.FOR YEARS, global public-health officials have been at war with malaria, a disease that kills more than , people annually, about 70 percent of them children under 5 years old.
The number of. Surveillance and Detection: A Public Health Response to Bioterrorism 42 In the last century not a single American is known to have died as a result of bioterrorism.2 Yet, even before the anthrax attacks of late , in previous years, the threat of bioterrorism used against our civilian.
Vaccines remain a small part of the overall drug market, just $9 billion in sales compared to global pharmaceutical sales of $ billion, they make up a fast-growing . International cooperation as the linchpin in the fight against terrorism.
Starting from September 11, , the international community has launched initiatives to prevent and counter the threat of terrorism by using, depending on the circumstance, military or law enforcement instruments or, in the perspective of prevention, addressing the. Quite possibly the most useful site on the web!
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The United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism was established through the adoption of General Assembly resolution 71/ on 15 June Mr.
Vladimir Ivanovich Voronkov was .