Tweet Fearing a second world war, the United States began to build up its armed forces in the late s, helping to revitalize the Depression-becalmed economy of the Puget Sound region. The area's aircraft and ship builders shifted into high gear after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, Every sector of business and domestic life was affected by the war effort.
The war ended on November 11,when Germany surrendered. Germany, cut off by the British Royal Navy from its customary overseas sources of supply, fought back by attacking shipping with surface raiders and submarines. The German government suspended its attacks on all shipping in the war zone around Britain and Ireland after the torpedoing of the civilian liner Lusitania in May The Germans resumed submarine warfare resumed in and President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war.
Congress declared war against Austria-Hungary the following December. The Washington National Guard had just returned home from guarding the Mexican border when in MarchWashington Governor Ernest Lister ordered units mobilized.
The 2nd Washington Infantry Regiment was drafted into federal service on August 5,and folded into the 41st Division along with National Guard units from Montana, Idaho, and Oregon.
Both units were shipped to France late in The 41st Division served as a replacement, training, and depot unit. The th Field Artillery saw combat duty.
Neutrality Despite the neutral position of the U. The warring governments launched propaganda campaigns for the sympathies of the American people. In the general election ofthe war in Europe was a hot issue. His position was supported by socialists, pacifists, organized labor, and many immigrant groups who did not want to join in the carnage between corrupt monarchies.
More conservative elements of society, such as businessmen, advocated preparedness. Radicals were wrongfully blamed for the act.
In Februarybefore Wilson was inaugurated, Germany announced the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare. Economic Boom Washington farmers, loggers, and food packers benefited from the war from the outset. Lumber and wheat prices climbed to record levels and the demand for flour and processed salmon kept new mills and canneries humming.
Wood and steel shipbuilding grew from a minor industry to second only to lumber in the Northwest economy. Seattle, Tacoma, and Vancouver built new shipyards, first for European customers, then for the U. Fifty thousand men took jobs in the new sector, which spun off thousands of other jobs.
Washington forests supplied wood for ships, Army posts, and airplanes the Sitka spruce was uniquely suited for wing sparsbut the woods had been a battleground between organized labor and the owners. Only 10 percent of the mill runs met military specifications. The civilian arm was the Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen 4 Lswhich by the end of the war had signed upmen who pledged not to strike.
Colonel Disque got the industry on track and the Spruce Division built camps, and railroads and accessed remote stands of spruce for the war effort. Sedition InGovernor Lister called the legislature into special session and, among other actions, it passed an anti-syndicalism law to supplement similar federal laws.
The IWW had been particularly vocal in its opposition to the European war, and the new legislation made organizers and members subject to arrest for disloyal talk and seditious actions.
Lister, however, ended up vetoing the anti-syndicalism measure, stating in part:It is a commonplace among historians of the Pacific Northwest that the Second World War marks the most important turning point in the region during the 20th century. During World War II Seattle transformed from a small city, heavily reliant on the timber industry, to an industrial center in the Pacific Northwest.
The changes that occurred in the city between and have traditionally been attributed to a wartime expansion that affected the entire West, but the analysis neglects the impact of the city’s largest .
One way to appreciate the impact of World War Two on the Pacific Northwest is to look at basic census data.
In the period between and , both the total population and the numbers of minorities in the population increased substantially. War ensued in the Pacific Northwest ocean areas and Alaskan areasJapanese landed on Aleutian IslandsUS Army defended the islands and sent the Japanese. Get this from a library!
The impact of World War II subcontracting by the Boeing Airplane Company upon Pacific Northwest manufacturing..
[Nathanael H Engle; Business Executives' Research Committee (University of Washington); University of Washington. Bureau of Business Research,]. Fearing a second world war, the United States began to build up its armed forces in the late s, helping to revitalize the Depression-becalmed economy of the Puget Sound region.
The area's aircraft and ship builders shifted into high gear after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7.