When the Europeans began their settlement of the New World, it was both complicated and aided by its indigenous inhabitants. The native people alternately became allies and enemies of the newly arrived settlers from Europe.
Explore the geographic and cultural attributes of area known as Detroit. Compare and contrast the Detroit area today with Detroit before Read maps to obtain information and make inferences from them. Learn what Native American groups traveled through and lived in and near the Detroit area before European settlement.
Learn which Native American groups lived and still live in Michigan. Analyze information about natural resources and how the Anishinabeg use them. Explore how the Anishinabeg learn about the past and the world around them. The banks of the Detroit River have been a natural gathering place for over six thousand years.
People began visiting the Detroit area thousands of years ago, but not much is known about them because they left no written evidence of their lives. Several Native American groups lived in Michigan over three hundred years ago when the first Europeans arrived in Detroit.
At that time, Detroit was an open land of rich soil, forests and grasses. Large fruit trees like crabapple and black cherry grew wild. Animals such as squirrels, muskrats, beavers, deer and bear roamed free and fed on the grasses, while swans, turkeys, quail, geese, doves and other birds travelled in flocks.
The Detroit River was a clear flowing waterway, and schools of fish jumped in and out of the water. The Anishinabeg were also called the People of the Three Fires because they included three different groups, the Ojibwa Chippewathe Ottawa, and the Potawatomi.
The groups spoke the same language and shared a similar heritage. The Anishinabeg people were devoted to passing on the belief system, legends and culture of their ancestors.
They also moved in groups with their families from place to place. They lived in different places for each season, depending on what natural resources were available, to hunt, plant, gather and fish.
It is not known how the People of the Three Fires came to live in Michigan.
They may be the descendants of pre-historic peoples who lived here thousands of years ago, or they may have traveled from another place. Native American oral histories say that the groups came from the northeast coast of North America, from present day Canada and New England.
The Ojibwa first settled on the eastern shore of Lake Superior. They were good hunters, fishers, and gatherers of maple syrup and wild rice. The Ottawa lived on the eastern shore of Lake Huron. They were primarily trading people. They sometimes travelled hundreds of miles to exchange goods with other tribes.
The Potawatomi lived in southwestern Michigan. They were known for their hospitality and good relations with other Native American groups. All of the Anishinabeg groups were fishers, hunters and gatherers.
They hunted for animals such as deer and beaver. They gathered fruits, nuts, wild rice and roots.
Sometimes they grew corn, gourds, squash, beans and rice.arrival of the Europeans affected the Indians in several different ways.
The Indians were exposed to new experiences such as diseases, religion, racism, land ownership, and trade to name a few. The Indians way of life changed forever with the arrival of the European colonists.
Students read Document #4, "Roanoke Counterfeited According to the Truth" and view Document #5 of a woodcut image based on John White’s drawing. The students are asked how the historian debunks the information in the two illustrations. Verri Document Review #1 Conflicts between Europeans and Native Indians Americans The American History was built under several wars, people suffering, and religious conflicts.
Starting with Christopher Columbus’ first voyage to the Asian continent in , his plans were to find a huge amount of wealth to make Spain rich, and also bring the Christianity to the new land. European arrival brought new peoples.
and ideas quickly turned into a global process of unprecedented proportions. given the magnitude of loss for American Indians following as initial encounters between peoples. for example. who had remained previously isolated from Europe. American Indians at European Contact These adventurers saw it as an entirely new land, with animals and plants to discover.
Many big changes happened to the first Americans soon after Europeans met them. But Indian people survived diseases, huge shifts in their cultures, and even the destructive slave trade.
The History of Indigenous Australians began at least 65, years ago when humans first populated Australia.  The origin of first humans to populate the southern continent remains .