Internet privacy The ability to control the information one reveals about oneself over the internet, and who can access that information, has become a growing concern. These concerns include whether email can be stored or read by third parties without consent, or whether third parties can continue to track the websites that someone has visited. Another concern is if the websites that are visited can collect, store, and possibly share personally identifiable information about users. The advent of various search engines and the use of data mining created a capability for data about individuals to be collected and combined from a wide variety of sources very easily.
This paper provides a holistic literature review of climate change and variability in Ghana by examining the impact and projections of climate change and variability in various sectors agricultural, health and energy and its implication on ecology, land use, poverty and welfare. The findings suggest that there is a projected high temperature and low rainfall in the yearsandand desertification is estimated to be proceeding at a rate of 20, hectares per annum.
There will be a reduction in the suitability of weather within the current cocoa-growing areas in Ghana by and an increase evapotranspiration of the cocoa trees. Furthermore, rice and rooted crops especially cassava production are expected to be low.
Hydropower generation is also at risk and there will be an increase in the incidence rate of measles, diarrheal cases, guinea worm infestation, malaria, cholera, cerebro-spinal meningitis and other water related diseases due to the current climate projections and variability.
These negative impacts of climate change and variability worsens the plight of the poor, who are mostly women and children.
Introduction In recent times, climate change has gained great attention in global discussion. This concern about climate change is due to its adverse impact on the living conditions of mankind.
Though when it comes to some developmental issues like poverty, discussions are normally skewed to developing countries like countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and some countries in Asia; however, issues on climate change have taken the centre stage of developmental discussion globally.
Increasingly, developing countries particularly countries in Africa are much concerned about climate change since they are more vulnerable. Climate change can be seen as a major threat to sustainable growth and development in Africa.
Internet access in ghana essay a result, the efforts of African countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals may be seen as a mirage if the adverse effects of climate change are not addressed. Among the continents which are responsible for climate change, Africa is the least contributor; however, the continent is more vulnerable to the effects of climate change due to its overdependence on rain-fed agriculture, compounded by factors such as widespread poverty and weak capacity.
The main long-term impacts of climate change include: Furthermore, rising sea level resulting from climate change affects low-lying coastal areas with large populations, leading to increased risk of conflict over scarce land and water resources.
The adverse effect from climate change in the form of reduction of agricultural production ends up retarding the growth of countries in Africa, since a greater proportion of the national income of most African countries is from agriculture. In addition, the agriculture sector serves as the source of livelihood that is, source of employment for most people in Africa.
Three major physical impacts of climate change have been identified in Ghana and these are; temperature change, change in rainfall and sea level rise [ 2 ].
These adverse effects of climate change facing the Ghanaian economy are due to the lack of capacity to undertake adaptive measures to address environmental problems and socio-economic costs of climate change. Climate change introduces numerous uncertainties over the livelihoods of farming communities that depend heavily on the weather and climate [ 56 ].
According to [ 7 ], climate change negatively affects the basic elements of food production such as soil, water and biodiversity. The World Bank [ 2 ] noted that, women are more susceptible to the impacts of climate change as a result of a combination of a number of factors including gender-based cultural norms, inheritance structures and household responsibilities.
Due to the reliance of the Ghanaian economy on sectors such as agriculture, energy and forestry that are highly sensitive to climate change and its variability, it is necessary to review past studies of climate change and variability in Ghana.
It lies between latitudes 4. The country has a total land area ofkm2 and a water area of km2. The country had a population size of about 24 million as at with an annual growth rate of about 2.
This population is dominated by the youth. The main exports are cocoa, gold, timber, diamonds, bauxite, manganese, and hydropower. Until recently, the country has also started the exportation of crude oil. Rainfall in Ghana generally decreases from south to north.
The wettest area in Ghana is the extreme southwest where annual rainfall is about mm. However, the annual rainfall in extreme north of Ghana is less than mm. The country has two main rainfall regimes which are the double maxima regime and the single maximum regime.
In relation to the double maxima regime, the two maximum periods are from April to July and from September to November in Southern Ghana. While the single maximum regime is from May to October in Northern Ghana, this is followed by a long dry season from November to May.
Over the years, the temperatures in all the ecological zones of Ghana are rising while rainfall levels have been generally reducing and patterns increasing becoming erratic [ 1 ]. Green House Gases In the yearthe total direct greenhouse gas emission in Ghana was estimated at The trend in greenhouse gases emissions has the potential of rising further as the economy continues to grow and expand its development frontier, based on the Kuznet hypothesis.
The components of greenhouse gases for the years and are presented in Figure 1. The estimated emissions for methane, nitrous oxide, and carbon dioxide for the year are 6. However, in the year carbon dioxide took over as the dominant component of greenhouse gases with a percentage of about Components of Greenhouse Gases.The following essay was submitted to the Wharton MBA program by our client.
The client was accepted to the program. Upon graduation I wish to lead the fiber-optics product management team in one of the world’s largest optical communication companies (such as Alcatel-Lucent and AT&T), supervising a .
How Restaurants in Ghana can use Social Media. I just came back from a great hangout with my girlfriend and some friends. It was a great evening; lots of laughter (especially when there’s a Nigerian at the table), food and pictures.
The ability to control the information one reveals about oneself over the internet, and who can access that information, has become a growing concern. * Sexual health information was a popular Internet topic for teens in the African nation of Ghana. Self-Harm and Message Boards Pros and Cons of the Internet Essay In the history of Older adults may not know about internet cafes or access to wireless internet in certain locations.
The Internet in Africa is limited by a lower penetration rate when compared to the rest of the world.
Measurable parameters such as the number of ISP subscriptions, overall number of hosts, IXP -traffic, and overall available bandwidth all indicate that Africa is way behind the " digital divide ". The Coming To America Essay Contest. First Place Essay: Kwame Ntiri Owusu-Daaku, Ghana Page 3.
Second Place Essay: Ya-Chen Chen, hour, (comparatively) high-speed internet access. Cable television to watch all the shows I had seen advertised online; free transportation via CAMBUS and pretty much computer stations everywhere on.