Literary Criticism ABSTRACT As a celebrated example of magical realism and postcolonial fiction, Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children tells the story of Saleem Sinai and his family, whose lives are irretrievably connected to the political and historical events of the Indian subcontinent, especially during the transition from colonialism to independence. This article examines the relation of the supernatural elements present in the novel to the concept of nation and nationalism. It is suggested that in Midnight's Children, the representation of the supernatural provides an arena in which the continual clash of the modern and traditional, progress and "changelessness", secular and religious can be observed.
Although this strategy is known in the literature of many cultures in many ages, the term magic realism is a relatively recent designation, first applied in the s by Cuban novelist Alejo Carpentier, who recognized this characteristic in much Latin-American literature.
Some scholars have posited that magic realism is a natural outcome of postcolonial writing, which must make sense of at least two separate realities—the reality of the conquerors as well as that of the conquered. The novel through the technique of Magic Realism explains the event of his birth, how he had magical powers, infact, all the children who were born at the stroke of the midnight, when India was granted Independence, were born with magical powers and all these children could communicate through telepathy.
He goes on to explain the Independence and the Partition, his sister, the War, bureaucracy and the formation of Bangladesh. The narration goes full circle and ends with the protagonist in the same house where he was born with his son.
Poets and beggars, musicians and prophets, warriors and scoundrels, all creatures of that unbridled reality, we have had to ask but little of imagination, for our crucial problem has been a lack of conventional means to render our lives believable.
This kind of narrative, according to him, is not something which happens in isolation, but it is the result of extreme violence which was inflicted on the natives through times immemorial.
The narrative of the powerful will be different from the ones who went through the extreme suppression and subjugation. And the same could be said about the Indian Sub Continent.
Mrs Gandhi was convicted of election fraud. And one week after my 28th birthday she declared a State of Emergency and assumed tyrannical powers. It was the beginning of a long period of darkness which would not end until One could sense the violence and the note of tragedy in the voice.
But it is different when one looks at the book from a perspective of an emigrant. He was sent to England for furthur studies after attending the Cathedral School for some time. His parents migrated to Karachi in pakistan in17 years after independence.
This dislike is also echoed through the protagonist in the novel. He joined a firm as a copywriter and travelled extensively.
Later he took up writing making it his full time profession. So where does Salman Rushdie belong? India, Pakistan or England?
This ambiguous identity manifest itself in the writings. But we do look back, we must also do so in the knowledge- which gives rise to profound uncertainties- that our physical alienation from india almost invariably means that we will not be capable of reclaiming precisely the thing that was lost; that we will, in short, create fictions, not actual cities or villages, but invisible ones, imaginary homelands, Indias of the mind.
Memory in itself is non linear and that is why memory can be expressed through the fantastic. The itch in the nose always warns Aadam Aziz. Salman Rushdie made use of the superstitions as well, and that is important to some extent because as Marquez had said, our reality is different from the Eurocentric reality.
But further a perfect example of Magic Realism surfaces, Mian Abdullah was known for his humming, and when assassins came to kill him, he hummed so high that their swords began to sing and the dogs heard him who then came for the assassins.
The truth in these details is reinforced by saying that everybody saw it except for those who were asleep. The instances of Magic realism are innumerable in the text.
But what concerns a reader about the Magic realism of the novel is the fact that why is it such an important trope in the post colonial fiction. Can it be Writing back to the Empire?
Does Magic Realism also play an important part in representing the nation to the Eurocentric authorities? But the situation is problematized when one realizes that Rushdie has lived in Europe more than in the Indian Subcontinent. So he is writing for the Indian Subcontinent or for the West?
Their formation and their eventual development. This is where Realism becomes important in Magic Realism. These are the real incidents which have different effects on various individuals.
Some critics have accused Rushdie for exoticising India in the name of magic Realism. For instance, in the description of The Sunderbans, he portrays it as a life sucking forest with huris which tempt people to stay on in the forest forever.
But this is a very simplistic comment. Is it entirely impossible to see ghosts and hear voices in the atmosphere of violence? The diagnosis may be given when a group of symptoms, such as disturbing recurring flashbacks, avoidance or numbing of memories of the event, and hyperarousal, continue for more than a month after the occurrence of a traumatic event.
War veterans are commonly at risk for PTSD. Why call these parallel realities Magical? In conclusion, Salman Rushdie, writing from the perspective of a Emigrant Indian Writer uses Magic Realism to bring forward the realities of various individuals in highly troubled times in the Indian Subcontinent.Salman Rushdie, one of the most renowned writers of Indian Diaspora, settled in England, shot into fame through his magnum opus, Midnight’s Children.
He was born to an affluent Muslim family in Bombay on 19 June Gendered Discourse in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children Madelaine Horn Carleton College November 24, I Introduction Midway through Salman Rushdie’s Booker Prize winning novel Midnight’s Children,theom-niscient narrator Saleem Sinai makes the claim that “women have always been the ones to change my life” ().
Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children by Salman Rushdie The original stage adaptation of Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children, winner of the Booker of Bookers, the best book to win the Booker Prize in its first twenty-five years.
"Midnight's Children" by Salman Rushdie won the Booker Prize in and was awarded in the honor of "best overall novel" of all Booker Prize winners since the prize was first awarded in In it made the best English-language novels published since I agree that it .
Salman Rushdie’s critically acclaimed novel “Midnight’s Children” is getting a Netflix makeover. The streaming giant has announced it working on a new original series based on the novel, one of the celebrated Indian author’s most iconic works.
The Scheherezade Complex Kevin Smith 8 Midnight's Children Salman Rushdie's novel Midnight's Children alludes to The Thousand and One Nights most explicitly and multitudinously, was published before Nights at the Circus and is therefore the logical starting place for analysis.