He is also the founder and president of the International Institute of Monetary Transformation.
From Deficiency to Strength: Download the PDF version. The vast chasm in academic achievement has long existed along racial and poverty lines. Children of color and from low-income families have, on average, performed worse on virtually all indicators of academic success: This gap perpetuates the existing inequalities in society.
Efforts to close the achievement gap have had little effect. The gap remains and has actually widened. This article argues the gap is symptomatic of the deficit-driven education paradigm. Fixing the traditional paradigm is unlikely to close the gap because the paradigm reinforce and reproduces educational and social inequity by design.
To work toward more educational and social equity, we need to adopt a different paradigm of education.
The new paradigm should work on cultivating strengths of individual students instead of fixing their deficits. Casey Foundation,J. Casey Foundation, J.
Closing the achievement gap has thus become synonymous with removing inequality in education. Casey Foundation, However, closing the achievement gap has proven to be an extremely difficult task.
Despite decades of efforts, the gap between the poor and the rich has not narrowed significantly; neither has the gap between children of color and their White counterparts J. It actually has widened Reardon, There are many and complex reasons for the lack of progress in closing the achievement gap or improving the education of the poor.
The efforts and investment may have been too little and too late to chip away the education debt Ladson-Billings, owed to the poor.
Many of them are also ethnic minorities.
The schools they attend, the neighborhoods they live in, and their home environments are much worse resourced and more challenging than their wealthier suburban fellow citizens Darling-Hammond, ; Valencia, We need effective policies and actions to counter racism, improve communities, upgrade schools facilities, enhance the quality of teachers, and provide early learning programs for disadvantaged children.
However, these macro-level changes Valencia, are difficult to effect, to say the least. None of these tasks is easy and all of them take time, time that we do not have if we are to help the millions of children already in born into disadvantaged schools and communities.
The place where more immediate changes can occur is schools. While it takes time and resources to improve the material conditions of poor schools and the quality of teachers, what happens in a school can be changed more quickly. The sweeping changes in curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment that happened in American schools under No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top are good evidence, although the changes were misguided and did not significantly benefit students, poor and wealthy.
In other words, the achievement gap is a logical, and to some degree intended, outcome of the existing paradigm. The gap is used as justification for sorting people into different social and economic strata so as to ensure the existing social order continues.
Improvement of such a paradigm can do little to alter the fate of the already disadvantaged at the best and at the worst exacerbates their conditions. What we need are policies and practices that transform, rather than improve, the existing education paradigm.
Thus for the betterment of all children, the prevalent education paradigm must be abandoned and a new one be invented.If you are a teacher searching for educational material, please visit PBS LearningMedia for a wide range of free digital resources spanning preschool through 12th grade.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The th anniversary of the Peace of Westphalia in was marked by a flurry of conferences and publications by historians, but it was largely ignored in the discipline of international relations (IR). Left-wing populism is a political ideology which combines left-wing politics and populist rhetoric and themes.
The rhetoric of left-wing populism often consists of anti-elitist sentiments, opposition to the system and speaking for the "common people". The important themes for left-wing populists usually include anti-capitalism, social justice, pacifism and anti-globalization.
IFP/WKP/FGS()5 MULTI-DISCIPLINARY ISSUES INTERNATIONAL FUTURES PROGRAMME OECD/IFP Project on “Future Global Shocks” “Social unrest” By Ortwin Renn, Aleksandar Jovanovic and Regina Schröter.
The processes of modernization and globalization promise more wealth and health for many people. But they are also a threat to the stability and quality of .
Alex John London, “Offshoring Science: The Promise and Perils of the Globalization of Clinical Trials,”IRB: Ethics & Human Research33, no. 1 ():