The trouble began due to a major difference in political opinion between the slaves states and the free states, according to an article on the American Battlefield Trust website:
Convinced that their way of life, based on slavery, was irretrievably threatened by the election of President Abraham Lincoln Novemberthe seven states of the Deep South Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas seceded from the Union during the following months.
When the war began with the firing on Fort Sumter April 12,they were joined by four states of the upper South Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
A permanent government at Richmond, Va. Stephens headed the Confederacy, operating under a structure similar to that of the United States. The new nation soon acquired other symbols of sovereignty, such as its own stamps and a flag known as the Stars and Bars. The main concern of the Confederate States was raising and equipping an army.
The Southern Congress first voted to permit direct volunteering up to , but conscription was begun in April The total number of Confederate soldiers is estimated at , as opposed to twice that many Federal troops. Confederate population stood at about 5, whites and 3, black slaves, as against 22, Northerners.
In railroads, the South had only 9, miles, the industrial North 22, The Confederacy's early attempts to raise funds centered on printing money, which proved highly inflationary, and issuing bonds that could be paid for in kind.
Because of the Federal blockade of Southern ports, tariff revenues proved inadequate. In a general tax bill was passed, imposing license and occupational taxes, a profits tax, and a 10 percent tax on farm products, collected in kind.
Profitable private blockade running was put under strict supervision in Prices of farm products for the army were eventually fixed to check profiteering.
In foreign affairs, the South had been initially confident of the power and influence of "King Cotton", the crop that accounted for more than half the value of U. Confederates felt that the importance of cotton would force diplomatic recognition from the Federal government and European countries.
Neither the commissioners sent abroad in nor the permanent envoys that replaced them were able to secure recognition from Great Britain, France, or any other European power.
The South was able, however, to buy considerable war materiel and several fast ships that destroyed much Federal shipping on the high seas.
President Davis took an active part in dictating military policy and major strategy, but the great leader on the battlefield was Gen. Heartened by a series of military victories in the first two years of fighting, the Confederacy was convinced of its ultimate success.
But disillusionment set in with almost simultaneous Federal victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg July Johnston in the West could indefinitely hold off the stronger Northern armies.
After Lee surrendered his dwindling, half-starved army at Appomattox, Va. On February 4, at Montgomery, Ala. A seventh state, Texas, was admitted to the confederation on March 2.
Jefferson Davis of Mississippi was elected president and Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia, vice-president. The preamble of the new Confederate constitution declared that each state was "acting in its sovereign and independent character.
Never before, however, had the issue been charged with the emotional factor of the abolition of black slavery. The constitution of the Confederate States reflected the then prevailing belief in the South that slavery was the only practicable status for the large black population of that section.
It forbade any legislation impairing the institution of slavery though it did prohibit foreign slave trade. The remainder of the constitution was largely based on that of the Union from which the states of the lower South were withdrawing.The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (–).
On February 28, , the Provisional Confederate Congress established a provisional volunteer army and gave control over military operations and authority for mustering . Confederate Slave Impressment in the Upper South (Civil War America) [Jaime Amanda Martinez] on r-bridal.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Under policies instituted by the Confederacy, white Virginians and North Carolinians surrendered control over . In addition to the perils of war faced by all Civil War soldiers, black soldiers faced additional problems stemming from racial prejudice.
Racial discrimination was prevalent even in the North, and discriminatory practices permeated the U.S. military. contribution Subscribe Find a will depict alternate timeline where south won US civil war to the network that will offer an alternative take .
Confederate States of America, also called Confederacy, in the American Civil War, the government of 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union in –61, carrying on all the affairs of a separate government and conducting a .
One of the first Americans to become proficient at photography, Mathew Brady earned eternal fame—and poverty—for documenting the carnage of the Civil War.