Nigeria - Agriculture Photo by: Agricultural holdings are generally small and scattered; farming is often of the subsistence variety, characterized by simple tools and shifting cultivation. The economic benefits of large-scale agriculture are recognized, and the government favors the formation of cooperative societies and settlements to encourage industrial agriculture.
See Article History Alternative Title: Federal Republic of Nigeria Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa.
Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The country has abundant natural resources, notably large deposits of petroleum and natural gas. The national capital is Abujain the Federal Capital Territorywhich was created by decree in The country became independent on October 1,and in adopted a republican constitution but elected to stay a member of the Commonwealth.
Land Nigeria is bordered to the north by Nigerto the east by Chad and Cameroonto the south by the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Oceanand to the west by Benin. Nigeria is not only large in area—larger than the U. Relief In general, the topography of Nigeria consists of plains in the north and south interrupted by plateaus and hills in the centre of the country.
The Sokoto Plains lie in the northwestern corner of the country, while the Borno Plains in the northeastern corner extend as far as the Lake Chad basin. The Lake Chad basin and the coastal areas, including the Niger River delta and the western parts of the Sokoto region in the far northwest, are underlain by soft, geologically young sedimentary rocks.
Gently undulating plains, which become waterlogged during the rainy season, are found in these areas. The characteristic landforms of the plateaus are high plains with broad, shallow valleys dotted with numerous hills or isolated mountains, called inselbergs; the underlying rocks are crystalline, although sandstones appear in river areas.
The Jos Plateau rises almost in the centre of the country; it consists of extensive lava surfaces dotted with numerous extinct volcanoes.
Other eroded surfaces, such as the Udi-Nsukka escarpment see Udi-Nsukka Plateaurise abruptly above the plains at elevations of at least 1, feet metres.
The most mountainous area is along the southeastern border with Cameroon, where the Cameroon Highlands rise to the highest points in the country, Chappal Waddi 7, feet [2, metres] in the Gotel Mountains and Mount Dimlang 6, feet [2, metres] in the Shebshi Mountains.
The Niger Riverfor which the country is named, and the Benueits largest tributary, are the principal rivers. The Niger has many rapids and waterfalls, but the Benue is not interrupted by either and is navigable throughout its length, except during the dry season.
Rivers draining the area north of the Niger-Benue trough include the Sokotothe Kadunathe Gongolaand the rivers draining into Lake Chad.
The coastal areas are drained by short rivers that flow into the Gulf of Guinea. River basin development projects have created many large man-made lakes, including Lake Kainji on the Niger and Lake Bakolori on the Rima River. The Niger delta is a vast low-lying region through which the waters of the Niger River drain into the Gulf of Guinea.
Characteristic landforms in this region include oxbow lakesriver meander belts see meanderand prominent levees.
Large freshwater swamps give way to brackish mangrove thickets near the seacoast. Soils Soils in Nigeria, and in Africa generally, are usually of a poorer quality than those in other regions of the world. However, over the centuries Nigerians have utilized agricultural techniques such as slash and burn, intercropping, and the use of shallow planting implements to cope with the shortcomings of the soil.
In the precolonial period the country normally produced enough agricultural commodities to feed its population, and it even maintained a surplus for export. Loose sandy soils consisting of wind-borne deposits and riverine sands are found in the northern regions, although, in areas where there is a marked dry season, a dense surface layer of laterite develops, making these soils difficult to cultivate.
The soils in the northern states of Kano and Sokotohowever, are not subject to leaching and are therefore easily farmed. South of Kano the mixed soils contain locally derived granite and loess wind-borne deposits.
The middle two-thirds of the country, the savanna regions, contain reddish, laterite soils; they are somewhat less fertile than those of the north because they are not subject to as much seasonal drying, nor do they receive the greater rainfall that occurs in the more southerly regions. The forest soils represent the third zone.
There the vegetation provides humus and protects it from erosion by heavy rainfall. Although these soils can readily be leached and lose their fertility, they are the most productive agriculturally. Hydromorphic and organic soils, confined largely to areas underlain by sedimentary rocks along the coast and river floodplains, are the youngest soil types.
Page 1 of Agriculture Nigeria - online hub for farmers and the people that support them. USAID has a long and proud history of assistance to Nigeria that dates back to , the year that Nigeria became the 26th African nation to gain independence.
At that time, the U.S. Government awarded grants to four major U.S. state universities (Michigan State, Wisconsin State, Kansas State, and Colorado State) to build colleges of agriculture in four Nigerian universities: the University of.
History Of Agricultural Extension In Nigeria. As a meaning-bearing phrase, an agricultural extension is an approach that aims to provide uninformed farmers and their households with relevant information about new farming practices and techniques that can boost agricultural production and improve living standards.
The Honourable Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hon. Minister Commends Gates Foundation for Impactful Contribution to Nigeria’s Agricultural .
Nigeria stands out in the continent for the vigour and range of its theatre. The rich cultural heritage of the nation, particularly of the south, made performance the natural means for political debate, social cohesion, celebration, and lament. THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA FROM THE COLONIAL ERA TO THE PRESENT DAY The agricultural history of Nigeria is intertwined with its political history.
This is discussed broadly in the context of the varying constitutional frame works, viz: Colonial, the Internal Self Government and the Post periods, according to sectors.